Kurukshetra IAS Academy Blogs

1. Multiple re-entry vehicle technology successfully tested on Agni-5 missile

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday announced the successful test-firing of Agni-5 ballistic missile with Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicle (MIRV) technology by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under Mission Divyastra.

The flight test was carried out from Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha. This is considered a major technological breakthrough.

“Proud of our DRDO scientists for Mission Divyastra, the first flight test of indigenously developed Agni-5 missile with Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicle (MIRV) technology,” Mr. Modi posted on X.

The MIRV technology means a single missile can carry multiple warheads. It will ensure that a single missile can deploy multiple warheads at different locations, government sources said.

Select group of nations

Noting that with this test India has joined the select group of nations who have MIRV capability, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh too joined the PM in congratulating team DRDO. The DRDO, in a statement, said, “Various telemetry and radar stations tracked and monitored multiple re-entry vehicles. The mission accomplished the designed parameters.”

“This system is equipped with indigenous avionics systems and high-accuracy sensor packages, which ensured that the re-entry vehicles reached the target points within the desired accuracy. The capability is an enunciator of India’s growing technological prowess,” sources said.

The Agni series of missiles constitute the backbone of India’s nuclear weapons delivery.

2. Union Home Ministry notifies CAA rules ahead of Lok Sabha election

Just days ahead of the announcement of Lok Sabha election, the Union Home Ministry on Monday notified the Citizenship Amendment Rules, 2024 that would enable the implementation of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) passed by Parliament in 2019.

Though the law facilitates citizenship to undocumented people belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Parsi, Christian, and Jain communities from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan, the rules state that applicants will have to provide six types of documents and specify the “date of entry” into India.

Home Minister Amit Shah posted on X, “These rules will now enable minorities persecuted on religious grounds in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan to acquire citizenship in our nation. With this notification, PM Shri Narendramodiji has delivered on another commitment and realised the promise of the makers of our Constitution to the Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians living in those countries.”

The list of documents includes birth certificate, tenancy records, identity papers, any licence, or educational certificate issued by a government authority in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

The applicants will have to register on the portal https://indiancitizenshiponline.nic.in and a mobile application CAA-2019 has also been readied. All documents along with photographs are to be uploaded online and the applications will be processed after a background check by security agencies.

3. China registers protest against PM’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh

Beijing criticises Sela Tunnel and other development projects inaugurated by Modi in the northeastern State recently; the sharp statement follows reports on plans by New Delhi to increase number of troops deployed at the Line of Actual Control

China on Monday said it “strongly deplores” Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s recent visit to Arunachal Pradesh and had raised concerns with India, a sharp statement that is expected to be rebutted by New Delhi.

The Chinese response was to a question from state media about the visit on March 9 by Mr. Modi, when he inaugurated a number of development projects, including the Sela Tunnel, an-all weather strategic link for Tawang and Kameng districts, near the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

Built at a height of 13,000 feet, the 1.5-km Sela Tunnel is expected to aid development in border villages and allow for quicker military troops and hardware deployment at the boundary with China, amid continuing tensions and the four-year stand-off with the Chinese PLA.

Asked about the visit, the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson said that Beijing had made “solemn representations” to New Delhi about the Prime Minister’s travel, making a claim over Arunachal Pradesh that India has consistently rejected.

‘Disrupts situation’

“India’s relevant moves only complicate the boundary question and disrupt the situation in the border areas between the two countries,” Chinese MFA spokesperson Wang Wenbin said at a briefing in Beijing, referring to Arunachal Pradesh, which the Chinese call “Zangnan”, as Chinese territory. India, which has full control of the State, has always asserted the whole of Arunachal Pradesh as India’s sovereign territory. “China strongly deplores and firmly opposes the Indian leader’s visit to the east section of the China-India boundary,” Mr. Wang added.

Referring to the China-India border dispute, where India and China’s special representatives have not met since the LAC stand-off began in April 2020, Mr. Wang said that it was “yet to be solved”.

“India has no right to arbitrarily develop the area of Zangnan in China,” he claimed, in the strongest such statement on a visit by the Prime Minister, although China has protested against visits to Arunachal Pradesh by high-level dignitaries in the past as well.

The External Affairs Ministry did not immediately respond to the statement, which comes soon after another exchange over reports that India plans to increase troop levels at the LAC by freeing up about 10,000 soldiers for deployment. Reacting to a report by news agency Bloomberg, which was not formally confirmed by the Defence Ministry, the Chinese MFA had said that sending more troops would not “help ease the situation” in the border areas or in “safeguarding tranquillity and safety”. On Thursday, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh addressed a conference, saying that the Indian Army was equipped to give a “befitting reply” to anyone who “casts an evil eye” on the country’s borders.

Since the stand-off began in 2020, India and China have held 21 rounds of senior military commander talks on the LAC, and several rounds of talks of the multi-ministerial Working Mechanism on Consultation and Coordination (WMCC) on border affairs, and negotiated a détente on five of seven friction points along the boundary in Ladakh.

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